Houseplant Varieties

Houseplants- Which plant will be best for you?

Houseplants, in nature, are usually found in tropical and semi tropical areas.  We must evaluate the needs of the plant, and where we will place it, when we choose our new houseplant.

Many plants can be grown successfully indoors.  These plants will add color and texture to your home as well as remove toxins and pollutants from the air. Indoor houseplants help to create an atmosphere of calm in your home.  Houseplants, in addition to removing toxins and pollutants also add humidity and, by the process of photosynthesis, add oxygen to the air making it better to breathe.

On the pages of this site you will find information about many different houseplants. This information will help you choose the plant that is right for you.

Aloe Vera requires bright light to sunlight, and prefers low humidity.  It will tolerate temperatures down to 40 degrees F, but can never be allowed to freeze.  Aloe Vera or true Aloe is a short stemmed succulent.  As well as it’s ability to remove formaldehyde from the air, this houseplant  has been used to treat cuts, burns, rashes and insect bites since biblical times.

Areca Palm requires medium -bright to bright lighting and higher than normal humidity.  Raising the humidity around this plant can be accomplished in several ways.  The Areca Palm has proven to be particularly effective in removing several toxins from the air.  They provide a contrasting accent to the other plants in the room.  There is nothing like a Palm to create thoughts of the tropics.

Boston Ferns are a happy low light houseplant.  They do however require a higher humidity.  Boston Ferns, with their stately fronds, add an elegant touch to the room.  The Boston Fern can grow quite large and must be given space to grow.

Chinese Evergreen or Aglaonema is one of the easiest plants to care for indoors.  Its tolerance of low light, drought and low humidity made it an ideal houseplant for many indoor spaces.  Its large distinctive leaves and compact shape will accent any room.

The Croton Plant or Cadiaeum is grown for its brightly colored leaves.  Although the plant is fussy, the reward is worth the effort.  Bright light will produce a spectacular display of multi-colored Croton leaves.

Dracaena Marginata or Madagascar Dragon Tree is a member of the dracaena family of plants commonly grown as a houseplant. A native of east Africa and Madagascar, dracaena marginata is easy to care for.  Dracaena marginata grows a cluster of long, slender, pointed leaves on a thin trunk or cane.

Schefflera arboricola is the smallest of the indoor houseplants commonly called schefflera. Like it’s larger brother, brassaia actinophylla, leaves formed by groupings of 3 to 10 oval, pointed leaflets radiating from the end of a stem are characteristic of schefflera. It is also know as a dwarf schefflera.

Ficus Benjamina, also known as the Weeping Fig, is probably the most commonly grown indoor tree. Despite it’s reputation as being difficult to grow,it’s beauty and versatility makes ficus benjamina an excellent choice.

Florist’s cyclamen is a cultivar based on cyclamen persicum.  This tuberous perennial produces large, showy flowers on sturdy upright stems rising from the tuber.  It often has marbling on top of the heart shaped leaves common to cyclamen.

English Ivy is a vigorously growing vine.  It’s dark green or variegated leaves may be pruned to keep the plant to the desired size.  The vines can also be trained to climb supports or trellises forming a vertical plant.  English Ivy will tolerate low light , but the variegated varieties need brighter light to retain their variegation.  English Ivy prefers cooler household temperatures, and misting will help provide the humidity this houseplant desires.

Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana is the Kalanchoe variety most often found in garden centers. During the winter months, clusters of small bright flowers add a show of color over the deep green leaves of the Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana.

Lucky Bamboo has seen an increase in popularity as a houseplant as more people become interested in and learn about Asian culture and spirituality. In Feng Shui, lucky bamboo is seen as a lucky plant incorporating all five natural elements in a single plant.

The Maranta Plant, commonly called the Prayer Plant, is grown for its attractive foliage.  As the sun sets its leaves fold up, hence the name Prayer Plant.  When the sun rises in the morning the leaves of the Maranta Plant will open up again.

The Peace Lily has become one of the most popular houseplants.  This easy care houseplant will find itself at home in almost any indoor space.  Only moderate light is needed to produce the dramatic white cala like blooms that are it’s feature.

Philodendron prefer brighter light, but tolerate the lower light levels in the home very well.  This houseplant will grow well in normal household temperatures, but prefers higher humidity.  Philodendron are seen in two basic forms, the vining philodendron like the Heart Leaf Philodendron and the bush philodendron like the Split Leaf Philodendron.  The Heart Leaf Philodendron is more commonly grown in homes as the Split Leaf Philodendron can grow very large and is more commonly used in larger offices or public spaces.

Poinsettia require bright light to sunlight and must be kept away from drafts.  Poinsettia is a favorite houseplant for everyone in December.  It’s dark green foliage topped by colorful brachts will brighten any room.  The Poinsettia can be kept from year to year and rebloomed for the next winter season.

Pothos will tolerate lower light but requires medium to brighter light to maintain the variegation of it’s leaves.  The Pothos, often mistaken for the vining varieties of Philodendron, will make a showy table or desk plant.  They can also be trained up a trellis to form a vertical plant.  The Pothos has variegated leaves and may be pruned to retain the desired size and shape.

The Rubber Plant, Rubber Tree, or Ficus Elastica is native to the rain forests of Malaysia, India and South America.  As a houseplant, the Rubber Plant likes warm temperatures and bright light to create it’s best show.  Rubber Plants tend to drop leaves when they are moved until they become acclimatized to their new location.

A Sago Palm is not really a palm tree but rather a Cycad. These plants have primitive origins and fossils have been found on nearly every continent.  The species of cycad most frequently grown as a houseplant is the Cycas Revoluta or sago palm.

Sansevieria, also called the Snake Plant and Mother-in-Laws Tongue, displays a shock of sturdy upright leaves. The leaves may  be all green, dark green with lighter green or yellow bands or dark green with a mottling of lighter green or yellow.  This hardy, easy care houseplant is ideal for beginners.

The Spider Plant, also known as the Airplane Plant is a native of Southern Africa.  Small white flowers will form at the end of wiry stems. Soon they will be replaced by a small plantlet that looks like a miniature spider plant that hangs over the side of the pot.

The umbrella tree is the larger of the houseplants called schefflera. Brassaia actinophylla, also called schefflera actinophylla, has the same distinctive pinwheel leaf structure as it’s smaller cousin. It’s green, leathery leaflets are oval shaped with pointed ends.